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Why is climate change adaptation important?

Since the arrival of industrialization age, human activities have led to an increase of GHG. If the GHG emission rate remains unchanged or goes faster, various damages can therefore be created. World Economic Forum (WEF) believes that that the climate change trend is unavoidable because the primary GHG reduction approach is to “mitigate” climate change, however, climate is the public goods compromised by market failure.

Mitigation and Adaptation

GHG is like cholesterol, where too much GHG does not expose us directly to the death. Instead, it can cause global warming, resulting in the increasing risk of extreme climate events and even of destructive disasters. Similarly, although the high cholesterol level does not kill us directly, cardiovascular diseases such as stroke and angina are ranked among the ten leading causes of death over the years.  

Adaptation Methods

Adaptation is not to reduce carbon emissions. The simplest example is that, no matter where you are, the effect of carbon emissions reduction is the same for everyone through commuting by bike. Adaptation is a different concept. Although the purpose of adaptation is to help us adapt to the future climate and to make our life safer, happier and more comfortable, people may respond differently to the same temperature. For example, being in the same temperature, I may feel hot while someone else feels very comfortable.

Climate Change Adaptation in Taiwan
Taiwan is a small but highly populated island surrounded by water. Due to Taiwan’s geographic and climate conditions, not only does Taiwan suffer from frequent natural disasters, but also climate change can directly impact the island’s hydrology, water resources, agricultural production, agricultural water demand, public health and ecological environment. The government and private sector therefore proactively launched several climate change adaptation initiatives for specific fields that are relatively fragile. This has shown the vitality of Taiwanese community.